In the context of money laundering, a Predicate Offense refers to a criminal act that generates the funds that are subsequently laundered. These offenses can encompass a wide range of illegal activities, including drug trafficking, fraud, corruption, organized crime, and smuggling, among others. The funds generated from these activities are deemed ‘dirty’, and the process of laundering transforms them into seemingly ‘clean’ assets.

The concept of Predicate Offenses is essential in AML because it helps to identify the original criminal activity that gave rise to the laundered money. Identifying these offenses can be a significant step towards dismantling criminal organizations and networks.

Practical Example

To illustrate the concept, consider the case of a drug trafficking operation. The traffickers sell drugs and receive cash in return. This cash is a product of the crime – the predicate offense of drug trafficking. The traffickers then engage in a series of transactions to disguise the origin of the money, such as purchasing businesses, properties, or other assets, thereby laundering the illicit funds.

Statistics and Relevant Numbers:

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the estimated amount of money laundered globally in one year is 2 – 5% of global GDP, or $800 billion – $2 trillion in current US dollars. These staggering amounts are generated from numerous predicate offenses, with drug trafficking, smuggling, corruption, and organized crime contributing a significant proportion.


Understanding the concept of Predicate Offenses is crucial in the fight against money laundering. By identifying and tackling these underlying criminal activities, we can strike at the heart of money laundering operations and disrupt the flow of illicit funds.

In this fight, a powerful tool like the Kyros AML Data Suite can make all the difference. This AML compliance software-as-a-service (SaaS) provides robust real-time transaction monitoring, risk scoring, and regulatory reporting.

The Kyros AML Data Suite can help financial institutions and other obliged entities identify suspicious transactions that could be related to money laundering. By flagging these transactions, the software assists in uncovering potential predicate offenses, thereby contributing to the broader effort to combat money laundering.

Moreover, with its cutting-edge risk scoring feature, Kyros can prioritize high-risk transactions for further investigation, ensuring resources are focused on the areas of greatest concern.

In essence, tools like Kyros AML Data Suite not only ensure compliance with regulatory requirements but also serve as crucial allies in the global fight against money laundering and its predicate offenses.