Source of Funds (SoF) refers to the origin and legitimacy of the financial resources used in a specific transaction or business relationship. It is essential for financial institutions and regulatory bodies to understand the source of funds to assess the risk of money laundering, terrorist financing, or other illicit activities. Examining the SoF provides insights into the nature of the funds and helps ensure compliance with AML regulations.

Practical Example

To illustrate the concept of Source of Funds, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario. ABC Bank is approached by a customer, Mark Thompson, who wants to deposit a significant amount of money into his account. As part of their due diligence process, ABC Bank must inquire about the Source of Funds to ensure they are legitimate.

During the discussion, Mark Thompson explains that the funds he wishes to deposit are the result of selling a property he owned. To verify his claim, ABC Bank requests supporting documentation, such as sales contracts, legal records, and bank statements reflecting the sale proceeds. They may also conduct additional checks, such as verifying the identity of the buyer and the authenticity of the transaction.

By analyzing the provided information and conducting thorough investigations, ABC Bank can determine the legitimacy of the SoF and ascertain that the transaction aligns with AML regulations.

Statistics and Relevant Numbers

To emphasize the importance of understanding Source of Funds, consider the following statistics and relevant numbers:

  1. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has repeatedly highlighted the significance of Source of Funds as a critical element in the risk-based approach to AML. Adequate Source of Funds assessment helps prevent money laundering and other financial crimes.
  2. In 2020, the European Banking Authority (EBA) reported that the primary predicate offense associated with money laundering in Europe was fraud, underscoring the need to scrutinize the Source of Funds to prevent illicit activities.
  3. According to the Global Witness, in 2020, an estimated $2.4 trillion in illicit financial flows were associated with crimes such as corruption, tax evasion, and organized crime. Understanding the SoF can help mitigate such flows.

These statistics demonstrate the scale and impact of illicit financial activities and the necessity of comprehensive Source of Funds investigations to safeguard the integrity of the financial system.


Source of Funds is a crucial aspect of AML compliance, enabling financial institutions to assess the legitimacy of funds and identify potential risks. By conducting thorough SoF investigations, institutions can mitigate the risk of facilitating money laundering, terrorist financing, and other illicit activities.

In the ever-evolving landscape of AML compliance, leveraging advanced technology solutions can enhance Source of Funds assessments and overall compliance efforts. This is where Kyros AML Data Suite comes into play.

Kyros AML Data Suite is a comprehensive AML compliance SaaS software that offers a range of powerful features and benefits. With advanced data analytics and algorithms, Kyros AML Data Suite enables financial institutions to streamline SoF investigations, automate due diligence processes, and enhance their AML compliance capabilities.

By utilizing Kyros AML Data Suite, financial institutions can:

  • Conduct efficient and effective Source of Funds investigations
  • Leverage advanced data analytics to identify potential red flags
  • Streamline customer onboarding processes while ensuring compliance
  • Generate comprehensive reports and audit trails for regulatory purposes
  • Enhance operational efficiency and reduce manual effort

By implementing Kyros AML Data Suite, institutions can strengthen their AML compliance practices