A Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) is an agreement between two or more countries that facilitates cooperation and assistance in legal matters, including investigations and prosecutions related to criminal activities such as money laundering. MLATs establish a framework for countries to exchange information, provide legal assistance, and assist in the enforcement of laws.

Practical Example

To better understand the practical application of MLAT, consider the following scenario. Suppose a law enforcement agency in Country A is investigating a complex money laundering case involving an individual residing in Country B. To gather evidence and support the investigation, the agency requests assistance from the law enforcement agency in Country B through the MLAT in place between the two countries.

Under the MLAT, Country A can formally request specific information, such as bank records, financial transactions, and witness statements, from Country B. The request is processed according to the agreed-upon procedures and legal frameworks outlined in the treaty. Country B then provides the requested information, enabling Country A to advance its investigation and build a stronger case against the money launderer.

Statistics and Relevant Numbers

Obtaining accurate statistics on the specific usage and effectiveness of MLATs in AML cases is challenging due to the confidential nature of such information-sharing agreements. However, the growing number of MLATs and the successful cooperation between countries in combating transnational financial crimes highlight their significance:

  1. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an international standard-setting body, actively encourages countries to establish and enhance MLATs as part of their anti-money laundering efforts. As of September 2021, FATF reported that 205 jurisdictions have committed to implementing the FATF Recommendations, which include provisions for international cooperation through MLATs.
  2. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) supports the establishment of MLATs and promotes their use in combating money laundering and related offenses. The UNODC facilitates capacity-building programs and provides guidance to countries on effective cooperation through MLATs.

These statistics highlight the global recognition of MLATs as a crucial tool in combating money laundering and international financial crimes.


Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs) serve as vital mechanisms for international cooperation in AML efforts. They enable countries to exchange information, provide legal assistance, and collaborate in investigations and prosecutions related to money laundering and other criminal activities. MLATs strengthen the global fight against money laundering by facilitating the sharing of critical evidence and intelligence between jurisdictions.

To further enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of MLAT processes, AML compliance software solutions like Kyros AML Data Suite can be instrumental.

Kyros AML Data Suite is a comprehensive AML compliance SaaS software that offers advanced features to support MLAT-related activities. The software enables seamless information exchange, secure data sharing, and streamlined case management between law enforcement agencies, financial institutions, and regulatory bodies.

By utilizing Kyros AML Data Suite, users can benefit from:

  • Efficient and secure collaboration through a centralized platform
  • Automated workflows and document management for MLAT requests and responses
  • Advanced data analytics capabilities to identify patterns and connections across jurisdictions
  • Compliance with international AML standards and regulations

To learn more about Kyros AML Data Suite and how it can enhance MLAT-related processes and AML compliance, visit Kyros AML Data Suite.